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Basque phonetics site

:: vibrants ::

Basque has two vibrant phonemes in the alveolar area:

  Alveolar
 Vibrants
 Multiple
 Simple
 Graphics
 Multiple
 Simple

The phonemic character of these elements is only manifest in intervocalic position, as it is neutralised in the other positions. The vibrant do not appear in initial position,except for non-assimilated loans.

The vibrant phonemes occur in different variants: the most important ones are the approximant [ɹ] (preferably in intervocalic position) and the assibilated [ɾ̌] (in plosive position, especially final and sibilant).

In the Iparralde dialects and due to the influence of French, there also exists a uvular vibrant [ʀ] that tends to substitute the alveolar one. In Souletin the loss of the simple intervocalic vibrant has also occurred- except for a few exceptions due to homophony. All in all, the phonemic situation of these elements is vague.
 
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