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FONATARI - euskal fonetikaren ataria

Basque phonetics site

:: XVIII-XIX centuries ::

1. Extension X century
2. Extension XVI-XVIII centuries
3. Extension XIX century
4. Extension mid XX century

The periods of Basque-Romance bilingualism are very long in the extensive areas of central Alava and Navarre. However, there is a massive loss of Basque in Alava in the XVIIIth century, and during the second half of the XIXth century the loss also affects in Navarre. In fact, the High Southern Navarrese dialect, which Luis Luciano Bonaparte studied during the second half of the XIXth century and which occupied the most extensive territory of all the dialects, is practically lost nowadays.

In the Iparralde territories (Labourdi, Basse Navarre and Soule), the Basque language begins to disappear at the beginning of the XIXth century, after the imposition of certain measures that guaranteed the use of French as the unique state language during the period of the Convention in the French Revolution.

In the last third of the XIXth century an important movement in favour of Basque takes place. In all the territories of Hegoalde, associations and magazines for the study of Basque are created. Its literary development also emerges during that period. It is worth mentioning the important attention the studies on the Basque language gain in Europe, fostered first by Humboldt and later on by Schuchardt.

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