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FONATARI - euskal fonetikaren ataria

Basque phonetics site

:: Romanization ::

1. Extension X century
2. Extension XVI-XVIII centuries
3. Extension XIX century
4. Extension mid XX century

When the Romans arrived in Gallia and the Iberian Peninsula, the area where the Basque language was spoken was much more extensive than today, according to different testimonies.It could be defined, in the North by the territory of Aquitaine bordered by the river Garonne; in the East by the province of Huesca and parts of the Eastern Pyrenees; in the West by the province of Asturias and finally, in the South, by the provinces of La Rioja and the North of Burgos.

However, the limits within the Peninsula are very difficult to establish precisely, as the different Indo-European invasions (mainly Celtic) erased any traces of the previous linguistic situation.

The analysis of the oldest place-names of the area around the Mediterranean shows certain similarities between specific linguistic traits, which lead to the assumption that a group of related languages existed, and whose survivor would be Basque.

The process of latinization, produced by the Roman invasion, and the fact that Christianity spread is most evident in the South of Navarre and Alava, as well as on both sides of the Pyrenees.

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